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When you hear the terms “dry hair,” “split ends,” “breakage,” or “frizz,” do any of these phrases ring a bell with you? All of these statements point to the harm that has been done to your hair and imply that it needs your attention. Hair damage is more than simply split ends. Cracks appear in the cuticle layer of the hair on severely damaged strands (cuticle). After the cuticle has been “lifted,” or opened, your hair is more susceptible to further damage and breaking. Additionally, it may appear lifeless or frizzy and be difficult to control. In this post, you’ll learn about the various types of hair damage, what causes it, and how you may cure it.
What Exactly Is Hair Damage?
In most cases, when people talk about damaging their hair, they mean damaging the cuticle, which is the outermost covering of their hair. When this happens, the cuticle lifts, which leaves the hair shaft more vulnerable to injury. The appearance and the sensation of damaged hair are both possible. Hair damage includes the following:
What Causes Hair Damage and How to Treat It
- The internal structure of the hair can be altered with the use of techniques such as perming, hair rebonding, and permanent straightening of the hair. The hair might become brittle, dry, and porous if there is an excessive amount of processing done to it. Additionally, this might lead to the hair becoming brittle.
- Consult a hairstylist before beginning the treatment to see whether or not your particular type of hair will be able to withstand the process.
- You should try to avoid getting several treatments in a short period of time in order to prevent the hair from being stressed.
- It is necessary to apply specific hair care products, such as leave-in conditioners, in order to preserve and protect the hair. These products may be found in beauty supply stores.
- If you want your hair to be healthy and hydrated, it is imperative that you perform deep conditioning treatments on it on a regular basis.
Heat from curling irons, flat irons, and blow dryers can damage your hair because it opens the cuticles. Steps to take to treat this include:
- Heat tools shouldn’t be used too often.
- You should always use a heat protectant or thermal styler on your hair before heating it.
- If you want to do as little damage as possible, you should stay away from really hot weather.
- Move the style tool around some more. Don’t stay in one place for too long. Keep moving forward.
Dull and Dry Hair
When hair is damaged, the natural oils that are found on the cuticle layer of the hair are stripped away. This causes the hair to become dull. Shampoos that include harsh chemicals have the potential to remove the natural oils that are produced by your scalp and hair. Hair that is dull and lifeless and prone to tangling can also be the result of nutrient deficits as well as medical issues.
- If you use the appropriate hair care products for your hair type, you may prevent it from drying out by keeping it hydrated.
- To repair the moisture in your hair, try using hair masks that are nutritious, conditioners that hydrate, detanglers, and serums.
- To prevent and treat dry hair, you should massage your scalp on a daily basis using nutrient-rich oils like coconut oil.
- Comb your hair well with a comb with wide teeth.
- Products containing alcohol, which can dry out your hair, should be avoided.
Brittleness And Breakage
When a hair strand splits in half, it is said to have split ends. It can result in hair that is fragile and prone to breaking. Dusting, serums, and conditioners can repair split ends to a significant degree. Steps in treating it includes:
- Moisturizing the damaged hair ends with nourishing and regenerating serums is a temporary cure.
- Get frequent haircuts every four weeks to remove split ends.
It is possible for hair colouring products to contain hydrogen peroxide (a bleaching agent) and ammonia, which can open the hair cuticles and alter the hair’s structure. To treat it:
- Allow regular intervals between colour applications.
- Shampoos and conditioners should be color-safe. They are kind to the hair and protect against colour loss.
- Protect your hair from sun exposure.
Hair that has been damaged can easily become tangled. The elevated cuticles induce friction between the hair strands, which ultimately results in the hair strands being entangled with one another. This problem might become much more severe if the hair is lacking in moisture. To treat it:
- Start at the bottom of your hair and work your way up with a wide-toothed comb.
- Oils, detangling sprays, conditioners, and masks will come to your rescue.
Thinning or Hair Loss
It is possible for hair shedding and loss to be caused by the use of harsh chemicals, improper hair care methods, malnutrition, and medical disorders such as rapid weight loss or hormone imbalance. To treat this, ensure that you
- Identify the underlying cause by consulting a medical professional (if any). Perform blood testing to identify any possible inadequacies in nutritional or hormonal status.
- Maintain a healthy lifestyle by adhering to a diet that includes all of the necessary elements and vitamins.
- To repair the damage, massage your hair with nourishing essential oils like rosemary and lavender, and then shampoo and condition as usual.
- To avoid hair breakage and thinning of the hair, you should avoid pulling your hair back into tight buns or ponytails.
How Do You Treat Damaged Hair?
- Wash your hair twice or three times a week to ensure that it remains clean and free of dandruff, dead skin cells, grime, and excess sebum.
- Utilize shampoos and conditioners that are formulated with glycerin.
- Once a week, give your hair a nice hair mask or other treatment that provides intense conditioning.
- Use leave-in conditioners, detangling sprays, and serums on your hair. These products provide a number of benefits to the hair, including oil management, shine enhancement, and smoothing the hair. In addition, they shield your tresses from damage and reduce unruly frizz.
- Once a week, give your scalp a massage with oils that are hydrating. It promotes hair thickness, circulation, and growth, all of which are important for healthy hair.
- Get regular haircuts. This gets rid of split ends and prevents future damage to your hair at the same time.
- Steer clear of products that include sulphates, alcohol, parabens, synthetic dyes, and scents.
You can also try using home treatments to maintain the health of your hair. In order to feed the hair and maintain its moisture, many people turn to making their own hair masks at home using only a few basic materials.
Tips To Control Your Hair Damage
The American Academy of Dermatology recommends the following practises as ways for individuals to keep their hair in good health:
Wash your hair in accordance to your hair type: It’s possible that someone with oily hair needs to wash their hair every day. It is recommended that people who have dry hair as a result of age or chemical treatments wash their hair less frequently.
The correct way to use shampoo is to focus on the scalp rather than the hair while applying it, and people should rinse it off thoroughly after use.
Don’t give in to the temptation to rub shampoo into your hair strands: Simply apply it to your scalp in a massaging motion, then allow it to run into your hair. The dryness that occurs from using more product to make more foam is unavoidable.
Always use conditioner. When applying conditioner, people should focus on the ends of their hair and avoid the scalp.
Choose your products with great care: It is important for a person to select hair products that are suitable for their particular type of hair.
Protect the hair from harsh chemicals and substances by wearing a swim cap when swimming. This will protect the hair from the chlorine and other chemicals that are used in swimming pools.
Other tips includes
- Do not brush your hair when it is wet since hair is more fragile when it is damp.
- Do not sleep with hairstyles that are too tight, such as ponytails or buns.
- Try to limit the number of times that you use heat styling tools, colour, and bleach on your hair.
- After adding conditioner to your hair in the shower, brushing it through with a comb that has wide teeth will help detangle hair that is prone to becoming tangled.
The overuse of heat styling tools and chemical processes frequently results in damaged hair. There are several instances in which an underlying medical condition can be the cause of damaged hair. Different individuals can experiment with various treatment procedures to assist in repairing the damage, which will then allow for the growth of new, healthy hair.